Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is the diagnosis. Unfortunately, most people who would qualify for NPD are never diagnosed, and rarely seek treatment.
Those with the disorder are distinguished by which type of narcissism they have, based on their actions.
There are 3 categories:
1. Exhibitionist (or Somatic)
2. Closet (or Covert)
3. Toxic (or Malignant)
1.) Exhibitionist Or Somatic Narcissists:
The Exhibitionist Narcissists, also referred to as Somatic, are the ones who always have to be the center of attention. They do not hide their belief that they are superior to others.
Those who are classified as an exhibitionist are the stereotypical grandiose narcissist. Their behaviors are overt, or not hidden.
They’re bullies who won’t hesitate to yell at waiters and subordinates. Often rude, loud, and obnoxious, they’re easier to recognize than the other types due to their extroverted actions.
They’ll never apologize for their behaviors, nor have any remorse for the abuse they inflict on others.
They see nothing wrong with causing pain to others because they deem people as inferior. Everyone is beneath them, and people only exist to be used as tools for the narcissist.
They have an inflated sense of entitlement, and use others mercilessly to further their own agenda.
They completely lack empathy, and are incapable of loving anyone, including their own children.
Like all narcissists, they are blatant liars. Even caught in an act of wrongdoing red-handed, they will completely deny any culpability.
2.) The Closet Narcissist has a completely different persona. He may seem withdrawn or inhibited, often appearing shy and awkward.
Unlike the overt, grandiosity of the Exhibitionist, the Closet Narcissist’s behaviors are introverted. These Covert types are harder to identify as predators due to their hidden, narcissistic behaviors.
They are very adept at not showing their true natures, always careful to keep their masks intact. Inside their minds, though, they also consider themselves superior and believe others to be beneath them.
Like all narcissists, they lack empathy and the ability to form attachments to others. They are very skilled actors and easily convince their victims that they’re sincere, loving, and kind.
They covertly go about sabotaging the lives of others, often being above suspicion due to their outward appearances. This type is fully capable of physical violence, but is more likely to hire someone else to do their dirty work.
3.) The Toxic, or Malignant, Narcissist is by far the most dangerous type. They are sadistic and horribly cruel, though victims rarely see this side until their lives are already intwined.
Their behaviors may be overt, covert, or a combination of both.
Like all narcissists, they enjoy creating drama and chaos in the lives of their victims.
The Malignant Narcissist takes it up a notch, however. They are the ones most likely to seriously injure or murder their victims.
They are prone to violence, and use intimidation techniques to cause fear in their victims.
Sometimes called psychopaths or sociopaths, the Toxic Narcissist is capable of unimaginable acts of cruelty, especially to those closest to him. They are sexually deviant, sadistic, and do not believe laws apply to them.
Regardless of category, all narcissists have to meet five of these nine criteria to be diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder:
- A sense of self-importance or grandiose behavior;
- Fantasies about being wealthy, influential, or famous;
- Exaggerating their abilities and accomplishments;
- Craving admiration and praise;
- Preoccupied with beauty, love, power, or success;
- Extreme sense of entitlement;
- Believes themself to be unique or special;
- Exploiting others;
- Lacking empathy.
Originally Answered By Serena Prince On Quora.
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